Previous: Configuration of the A&G Box and Spectrograph
Up: Configuration of the A&G Box and Spectrograph
Next: Changing Filters in the Main (A&G box) slides
Previous Page: Configuration of the A&G Box and Spectrograph
Next Page: Changing Filters in the Main (A&G box) slides
Although it is possible to change gratings without the ICL interface running this procedure is rather involved, and should only be performed with the advice of technical staff. With the ICL interface running the procedure is fairly straightforward.
The grating angle or angles must first be moved to the change position, in this position the grating cell is parallel to the back of the spectrograph, and to the access doors, and the gratings can be removed from their cells and lifted straight through the access doors. An interlock prevents the grating cells being unclamped with the gratings at any other angle.
The procedure for changing gratings is invoked by typing:--
at the ICL interface. A list of items which can be changed with this procedure is given, the relevant grating should be selected. The user will then be offered access to the spectrograph, if the response to this question is ``YES'' then the selected grating will be moved to the change position (grating angle 35000) and both grating doors will be unlocked.
It is now possible to open the grating doors, which are located on the face of the spectrograph opposite the long arm. The door for the blue grating is in the upper left hand corner of this face; and the door for the red grating is in the lower right hand corner. When the door is opened the grating should lie approximately parallel to this spectrograph face, with the handles towards the door.
The grating clamps are operated by nitrogen pressure, and are activated by a toggle switch. For the red grating the switch is situated above the grating cell, and for the blue grating below the grating cell. If this toggle switch is moved to the down position the grating clamps will release, this should only be done with the telescope at the zenith, and the user should keep one hand on one of the handles on the grating itself while releasing the clamps. The grating can then be withdrawn from the cell, and taken out of the spectrograph. All except the tallest of observers should use a set of steps while changing the blue grating, its cell is both higher off the ground and deeper inside the spectrograph than that of the red grating.
Gratings are normally kept in wooden boxes in a metal storage cabinet on the observing floor. The boxes are clearly labelled with the identifier of the grating they contain. The gratings should be kept in these boxes whenever they are not in use, and under no circumstances should they be left out on the observing floor. Users should never touch the surface of a grating. Any blemishes on the surface should be reported to the telescope manager, users should never attempt to clean them off.
Replacing a grating in the cell is the reverse of removing one. ISIS gratings are always used blaze-to-collimator, so the arrow showing the direction of the blaze angle should always point towards the centre of the spectrograph. The writing on the grating should be the right way up if it is in the red cell, and upside down if it is in the blue cell. The grating should be placed in the cell, ensuring that it is properly seated. The toggle switch should then be moved to the up position; the clamps will come on. If the clamps release immediately after coming on, then the grating is not properly seated.
After the change is completed the user should press the return key at the ICL interface. The grating doors will then be locked, provided that they are closed correctly. The user should then type in the name of the grating loaded in response to the question. The ISIS database will then be updated, and the name of the grating loaded should appear on the mimic. It is important that the correct grating identification is loaded in the database, otherwise the procedure CENWAVE will not work correctly.
Users should never rely on the information contained in the database, nor that on the whiteboard in the control room, being correct when they first take over the system. The database could be incorrect if a different version of the software has been in use, as different versions of the software have separate databases. The only way to check that the correct grating is loaded is to run the change procedure, open the grating door, and look.